Hummingbird Information

Ruby throat in flight

I hope the hummingbird information provided here will inspire you to attract these beautiful creatures into your yard.

I consider hummingbirds to be the most beautiful and fascinating of all the wild birds that visit my yard. Whenever one appears at my humming bird feeders or in my bird garden, I am somehow drawn to them.

I usually stop whatever I am doing to watch them, even if just for a few moments. I wonder in amazement at their flight, hovering as they sip nectar, going forward then backwards, then in the blink of an eye, they're gone.

General Hummingbird Information:

Hummingbirds are one of the bird world's most unique creatures. They are the smallest of all birds measuring from 2" to 8" in length and weighing from 2 to 6 grams. Their wingspan is just 3" to 4". There are around 330 species of hummingbirds in the world and they are only found in the Western Hemisphere.

The only species of hummingbird that breeds in eastern North America is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris).

Adult Ruby-throated hummingbirds are metallic green above and grayish white below. Their bill is long, straight and very slender. The adult male, shown in the photo, has a glossy ruby red throat patch and a dark, forked tail. The female has a dark rounded tail with white tips and no throat patch, though she may sometimes show light spotting on her throat. Because of it's extremely short legs, it can't walk or even hop. The best it can do is scoot along a perch. If it needs to, it can stretch its leg above its wing to scratch its head.

Learn more about the Hummingbird Migration

Hummingbird Migration Map

Hummingbird Spring Migration Map 

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What Other Visitors Have Said

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Can a yard have too many feeders? I have 6-8 feeders in my yard.

Can hummingbirds overeat and become overweight? Do any hummers stay all winter?

When should I take down my hummingbird feeder in the Fall in Reno, NV?

hair raising 
Working in my garden I have humming birds buzz me all the time. Recently I have a humming bird buzz me and then come back and pull my hair. I told my daughter …

humming birds in jacksonville, florida 
just spent some time in California and was fascinated with the volume of humming birds how do I entice them to my home in Jacksonville fl with the use …

Hummingbird cowgirl 
I live in Calgary Alberta Canada and have been trying to attract hummingbirds for at least 6 or 7 years. This year we have been thrilled to have a few …

out of the nest 
What is the safesy way to return a baby to the nrst without it getting rejected by the mother? They are about two and a half weeks old and seem healthy …

A Beautiful Family 
I am fortunate enough to have a hummingbird nest!!! It has been such a joy watching the babies hatch and grow. And such a hard working beautiful Mama!!! …

Do all hummingbirds migrate? 
We are from Wisconsin where we see the hummingbirds during the summer. Do any of them stay in the Florida area during summer? We are in Florida right …

Feeding Hummingbirds 
Is it safe to feed Hummingbirds jelly?

hummingbird spotted near cashmere wa jan 7, 2013 
it was a female, not sure of the species.

hummingbirds in winter 
I live in Cashmere, Wa. and still have two hummingbirds at my feeder in late November. Will they stay all winter and how do I keep the feeder from freezing? …

Becoming a Silent Spring-Summer-Fall 
HB's are much less than before. I am very careful about prep for the sugar. I use only glass containers to store and to make the stuff. I do not boil the …

Hummingbirds: Nature's Little Therapists 
I'm a therapist (Licensed Clinical Social Worker) in Southern California. I help those under severe stress and life threatening circumstances. Nature …

Hummingbird - is this a Rufous? 
this hummingbird is visiting, but looks quite different from others we've had. In particular, it's the solid brown head. Is this a Rufous? thanks …

Watch the "Hummers" that come to our feeders. 
These feeders are maybe 12' away from our deck where I sit with my "point & shoot" camera on the railing and zoom-in on them! Filtered water and sugar …

Hummingbirds in Utah 
I live in St. George, Utah ( the very southern and north). It is very hot through the summer and I have dozens of the grey hummingbirds and sometimes …

When do I take in my feeders? 
I live by Bryce Canyon in Utah. It is starting to get cold. I still have feeders out and some hummingbird activity. Should I take the feeders in so …

too late for hummingbirds 
our daughter gave us a lovely hummingbird feeder awhile back. at that time we were traveling in a motorhome year round and did not have a good place to …

Hummingbirds vs. Swallows 
Would Swallows scare hummingbirds off? We've had Hummingbirds at our feeder for weeks and ever since last Friday or Saturday we haven't seen any. Last …

Sleeping Humming Birds 
One evening, after the 20 plus hummers had left the feeders, I went out to fill them. One is on a pully system, since it is too high for me to reach. As …

safe keeping babies nest from prey 
Is keeping a feeder 15' from nest harming or attracting prey? I heard it helped momma so she wouldn't have to travel far or exposse babies to prey. I …

The Wonders of Hummingbirds 
I have a hummingbird feeder attached to my window on my porch, and I am sitting like 3 feet away, it's wonderful to see them so close, when they feed, …

make my son happy 
I tried this recipe to attract hummingbirds..I boiled water, sugar, and petals from roses and gardenias.. Once it is cool, I place it on my hummingbird …

Click here to write your own.

Tyrant Hummingbird 
What do you do about a hummingbird that takes over the feeder and will not share with the other hummingbirds? We finally had to take the feeder down because …

Is it a big bug? 
Last year,I threw my back out, and had to spend some time in therapy. Part of that was to lie on my back with a pillow under my knees- I chose to do it …

Where do I put my bird house? 
Ummm I bought a small birdhouse but where should put it? (I'm living in an apartment and many squirrels went in to our balcony) Comment If you put …

humming bird 
I would like to know if there is a certain time of year when you stop feeding humming birds? Comment You can feed hummers until they migrate south. …

How To Get Rid of Pests at My Hummingbird Feeder? 
Question: how do i keep bee's from my feeder's? Will the hummingbirds, stay away from the feeders when there are bees there????? Hi Janice Are …

Hummingbird Nectar Recipe 
Question: Can I use raw sugar instead of refined sugar in my hummingbird feeders? Or what about organic honey? Thank you for considering my question! …

Ant Problem with Hummingbird Feeder 
I have a ant problem. Lots of ants come and eat the fruit and go to the hummingbird feeder and drink the nectar. Lots of them fall in so I have to …

Homemade nectar Not rated yet
Can you use coconut sugar instead of refined white sugar?

Duration of mother hummer's absence from nest... Not rated yet
How long can a mother hummer be away from her nest after the eggs hatch? When the chicks are a week old? When the chicks are two weeks old?

Placement of feeders Not rated yet
Where are the best places to place hummingbird feeders in the garden, especially when you are feeding other birds by bird seed? I have heard that it is …

Deb Not rated yet
I live in Southern Utah and have glass hummingbird feeders with plastic parts. I do see some beautiful feeders with metal parts but feel the hot sun would …

Rufous Hummingbird in Oklahoma! Not rated yet
Is it possible to have a rufous hummingbird in a central Oklahoma backyard? I have several feeders and usually 3 or 4 ruby-throated hummingbirds during …

Have you ever heard of this? Not rated yet
Well Saturday, July 14th, 2012, I bought a hummingbird feeder for us to watch off the porch. My mother was so disappointed when we said we would not get …

Where are the birds. Not rated yet
In the past 6 or 7 years I have had dozens of hummingbirds in my yard and this year I only have 2 or three. I think I have seen maybe 2 males and 1 female. …

Will she do a nest in my garden again? Not rated yet
I found a hummingbird nest in my mango tree. I wanted to see the eggs so i went to the nest, touch some leaves so i can see the eggs, and the mother hummingbird …

Where Are The Hummingbirds Not rated yet
They haven't been coming to the nectar birdfeeders for a month. They were waiting for us to put them up in May but it tapered off by beginning of July. …

Where do hummingbirds winter? Not rated yet
My wife and I love our hummingbirds. We wonder where they go in the fall and winter? Where do the north Idaho hummingbirds winter? Comment …

Destination of migrationsfrom Reno, Nv. Not rated yet
I live in Reno, Nv. im curious where does the humming bird go during the winter months? Comment Hummingbirds spend their winters in southern …

Hummingbird Video Not rated yet
Comment Thank you Fred! The Hummingbird is the smallest of birds. How large do you think the actual body of the hummingbird would be without …

Organic Palm Sugar Not rated yet
Can you feed organic palm sugar to hummingbirds? Answer The sugar must provide the same resemblance to nectar, as does white cane sugar. You …

Wintering Hummingbirds Not rated yet
We live near Seattle, WA. Each year we have hummingbirds that stay all winter. Now we have had our first snowfall and very low temperatures. The nectar …

Newbie Birdwatchers Not rated yet
I've recently been watching the hummingbirds that stop by my Bouganvilla here in Southern California. I've been looking for ideas to do with my son …

hummingbirds Not rated yet
I have some left over palm sugar and was wondering if it's okay to feed it to the hummingbirds as a substitute for white sugar....I've heard honey is not …

Click here to write your own.

Other hummingbird species common to North America in the summer are:

  • Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin): Range: Southern California to Southwest Oregon
  • Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna): Range: West coast from Arizona to British Columbia
  • Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri): Range: West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, parts of Colorado, Utah, Nevada and California
  • Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus): Range: West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, parts of Colorado, Utah, Nevada and California
  • Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope): Range: Northern California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming and western Montana
  • Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus): Range: Pacific Northwest,

Northern Rockies up to Alaska (photo)


Until recently, little has been known about hummers, but now more and more hummingbird information is becoming available. Much is being learned from an increasing number of hummers being banded ("Banding" means trapping a bird and wrapping a tiny numbered strip of aluminum around one leg). Hummingbird information on migration has been provided through banding. Understanding hummer's migration patterns will help you to know when you should put out your hummingbird feeders.

Choosing the best hummingbird feeder will make your love of watching these little jewels easier and more enjoyable. There are basically two styles to choose from, the bottle or vacuum style and the dish style. You can click the link above to find out which style is best for you or learn how to make one yourself.

There are many commercially produced hummingbird foods. But why not make your own? It's easy, inexpensive and better for your hummers. Hummingbirds eat more than just nectar; insects and spiders are a big part of their diet. Using the right hummingbird feeder recipe will attract more hummers to your feeders. 

Bleeding heart plant

If you are having trouble attracting hummers to your bird feeders, consider creating a natural hummingbird habitat using the flowers, trees and shrubs that hummers love. With a little hummingbird information you can increase your chances of seeing these wonderful creatures.

Finding a hummingbird nest in your yard tells you that a female hummer has approved of the hummingbird habitat that you've created. If you're lucky, you may even catch a glimpse of the fascinating flight pattern the male Ruby-throated hummingbird uses to attract a female.

I hope the hummingbird information you found here has inspired you to at least put out a feeder or two. You will never tire of watching these little beauties as they go from your feeders to your flowers. If you are fortunate, they may even reward you with the privilege of watching them as they build a nest and create a new family right in your own yard.

Happy Humming!

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