Washington state bird: American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis
The American Goldfinch is a beautiful little songbird.
During the spring and summer: the male has a bright yellow body and black cap, tail and wings (with white wingbars). The female is yellowish-green with black tail and wings (with white wingbars).
During the fall and winter: the male has a yellowish-brown body and black cap, tail and wings (with white wingbars). The female is grayish-brown with dark brown tail and wings (with white wingbars).
The American Goldfinch can be found in weedy fields, young forests, cultivated areas, orchards and gardens. Their winter habitats vary as they are attracted into urban areas by bird feeders.
These finches build their nests in trees or shrubs 4 to 20 feet above the ground. The nest will be constructed from weeds, vines and downy filaments from wind-dispersed seeds. It will use caterpillar webbing to hold everything together. The female lays 4 to 6 pale blue eggs and the incubation period is usually around 12 to 14 days.