Arizona State Bird: Cactus Wren Toxostoma Rufum
The color of both sexes is the same; the upper parts are brownish with scattered white streaks, the belly and breast are tawny-colored and heavily spotted. The crown is rust-colored and there is a long white eye stripe above each eye. The wings and tail are barred black and white and a white tail band is visible in flight.
The Cactus Wren can be found in desert areas with taller cacti (especially cholla), or arid hillsides and valleys with other thorny plants capable of supporting their bulky nests.
Ranges from southern California, southern Nevada, southwest Utah, central New Mexico, and central and southern Texas to central Mexico. Year-round resident in southern, western, and central Arizona in deserts with thorny vegetation.
The Cactus Wren feeds on insects and spiders, some types of fruit and rarely reptiles and amphibians. It often forages for food by overturning moveable objects on the ground with its large curved bill, capturing creatures hiding underneath.
The Cactus Wren's nest is built in a cactus or thorn tree, usually surrounded by thorns. It is a large, conspicuous, spherical structure usually built with dry grasses and annual plants and even strips of discarded paper and cloth. A long, narrow-sided passage into an internal chamber, as well as the thorny substrate, protects this nest from most predators. As with most wren nests, the nest chamber is usually lined with feathers. Both the male and female build the nest.
The clutch will contain 2 to 7 eggs and incubation takes about 16 days.
Mar 23, 17 09:07 PM
This tiny bird was one of a pair we discovered in a nest in our avocado tree. Unfortunately its partner died. The bird is very small, maybe 3 inches long,
Mar 22, 17 12:12 PM
it is very tiny, brownish it is not a nuthatch it is smaller, it pecks on dead trees like a woodpecker, I am in SC
Mar 19, 17 11:15 AM
It was small and on my magnolia tree in around September. Was here only that one time.