Arizona State Bird: Cactus Wren Toxostoma Rufum
The color of both sexes is the same; the upper parts are brownish with scattered white streaks, the belly and breast are tawny-colored and heavily spotted. The crown is rust-colored and there is a long white eye stripe above each eye. The wings and tail are barred black and white and a white tail band is visible in flight.
The Cactus Wren can be found in desert areas with taller cacti (especially cholla), or arid hillsides and valleys with other thorny plants capable of supporting their bulky nests.
Ranges from southern California, southern Nevada, southwest Utah, central New Mexico, and central and southern Texas to central Mexico. Year-round resident in southern, western, and central Arizona in deserts with thorny vegetation.
The Cactus Wren feeds on insects and spiders, some types of fruit and rarely reptiles and amphibians. It often forages for food by overturning moveable objects on the ground with its large curved bill, capturing creatures hiding underneath.
The Cactus Wren's nest is built in a cactus or thorn tree, usually surrounded by thorns. It is a large, conspicuous, spherical structure usually built with dry grasses and annual plants and even strips of discarded paper and cloth. A long, narrow-sided passage into an internal chamber, as well as the thorny substrate, protects this nest from most predators. As with most wren nests, the nest chamber is usually lined with feathers. Both the male and female build the nest.
The clutch will contain 2 to 7 eggs and incubation takes about 16 days.
Feb 21, 17 10:15 PM
I have 2 white mourning doves. I think both are females. I get 4. Eggs per month. They do not build nests the just set on highest perch and drop an egg
Feb 20, 17 11:38 AM
It is small like a finch or sparrow Upper two thirds of body is black and a black head,bottom third of body is a grayish colour
Feb 19, 17 02:25 PM
Hi. I live in Northern Indiana...and on several occassions have seen a flock of larger size birds, quite a ways away, and the sound carries...they almost