Arizona State Bird: Cactus Wren Toxostoma Rufum
The color of both sexes is the same; the upper parts are brownish with scattered white streaks, the belly and breast are tawny-colored and heavily spotted. The crown is rust-colored and there is a long white eye stripe above each eye. The wings and tail are barred black and white and a white tail band is visible in flight.
The Cactus Wren can be found in desert areas with taller cacti (especially cholla), or arid hillsides and valleys with other thorny plants capable of supporting their bulky nests.
Ranges from southern California, southern Nevada, southwest Utah, central New Mexico, and central and southern Texas to central Mexico. Year-round resident in southern, western, and central Arizona in deserts with thorny vegetation.
The Cactus Wren feeds on insects and spiders, some types of fruit and rarely reptiles and amphibians. It often forages for food by overturning moveable objects on the ground with its large curved bill, capturing creatures hiding underneath.
The Cactus Wren's nest is built in a cactus or thorn tree, usually surrounded by thorns. It is a large, conspicuous, spherical structure usually built with dry grasses and annual plants and even strips of discarded paper and cloth. A long, narrow-sided passage into an internal chamber, as well as the thorny substrate, protects this nest from most predators. As with most wren nests, the nest chamber is usually lined with feathers. Both the male and female build the nest.
The clutch will contain 2 to 7 eggs and incubation takes about 16 days.
Jul 23, 17 12:42 PM
Baby bird with a very big beak and long toes. Barred pattern on wings and the joint of the mouth is yellow. My friend found it in the street and if we
Jul 23, 17 12:41 PM
It most definitely had the body and beak shape of a hawk. The feathers were brown and white and the beak and legs were a bright yellow. The yellow covered
Jul 23, 17 12:40 PM
It is like a king fisher, but black and white and a top notch like a kingfisher in the Pacific Northwest?