Arizona State Bird: Cactus Wren Toxostoma Rufum
The color of both sexes is the same; the upper parts are brownish with scattered white streaks, the belly and breast are tawny-colored and heavily spotted. The crown is rust-colored and there is a long white eye stripe above each eye. The wings and tail are barred black and white and a white tail band is visible in flight.
The Cactus Wren can be found in desert areas with taller cacti (especially cholla), or arid hillsides and valleys with other thorny plants capable of supporting their bulky nests.
Ranges from southern California, southern Nevada, southwest Utah, central New Mexico, and central and southern Texas to central Mexico. Year-round resident in southern, western, and central Arizona in deserts with thorny vegetation.
The Cactus Wren feeds on insects and spiders, some types of fruit and rarely reptiles and amphibians. It often forages for food by overturning moveable objects on the ground with its large curved bill, capturing creatures hiding underneath.
The Cactus Wren's nest is built in a cactus or thorn tree, usually surrounded by thorns. It is a large, conspicuous, spherical structure usually built with dry grasses and annual plants and even strips of discarded paper and cloth. A long, narrow-sided passage into an internal chamber, as well as the thorny substrate, protects this nest from most predators. As with most wren nests, the nest chamber is usually lined with feathers. Both the male and female build the nest.
The clutch will contain 2 to 7 eggs and incubation takes about 16 days.
Sep 25, 17 06:53 PM
Have you considered birding in Belize? Belize is a home of over 576 species of birds that can be seen all over the country of Belize. Here at Black Orchid
Sep 21, 17 09:29 AM
We had a bird about the size of a woodpecker which acted like a woodpecker on our tree two days ago. The most distinctive feature was a light pink belly.
Sep 08, 17 04:37 PM
This bird is about the size of a small cardinal. I have never seen it at a feeder but it comes to the bird bath. The photo is not the best but hopefully